7,000 south sudan ease refugees living in desperate conditions. ♪ >> -- part of the central african republic. -- nation available out of the geneva briefing. and still in south sudan, our peace keeping operations and department of field support are convening a high-level board of inquiry to conduct an in-depth investigation in response to clashes which broke out on the 17th and 18th of february. the u.n. is also reviewing enhanced preparedness measures and contingency planning. and at 3:00 pm the security council is scheduled to consider
a draft resolution concerning sexual exploitation abuse. and today the heads of the u.n. humanitarian agencies issued a statement saying after five years of a brutal and senseless conflict, more than a quarter million of syrians have been killed, and over happen of the population have been forced from their homes out of fear and want. some 4.6 million are existing without aid or food. in the past few weeks, the humanitarian chiefs add we are seeing signs of momentum, fewer bombs are falling, humanitarian access has opened up in some places, negotiators are preparing to come together and talk -- >> a general summation there for events happening at the united states in new york and also geneva during the course of
the next few hours, that spokesman for the u.n. body there, referencing the war atrocities that are said to have been committed in south sudan, the subject of that damming report from u.n. human rights campaigners. let me remind you, as we begin this news hour here on al jazeera that we're talking about people being burned alive, particularly children of disabled people being abused in this south sudan, and of forces being allowed to rape women as a choice if they didn't want to be paid, they could rape somebody intelled. this is during the course of a civil war that has been going on for 18 months in south sudan, the world's newest country. forces loyal to the current president, and also to his former deputy have been engaged in combat for about a year and a half, and the u.n. report is
quite app palling. as charles stratford explains. >> reporter: the suffering of the people in the world's newest country defies belief. the report put together goes into details of atrocities committed in south sudan, since the conflict began in december 2013. it says both sides are responsible, but government forces were most to blame last year. between april and september, the u.n. recorded more than 1,300 reports of rape in just one of south sudan's states, the oil rich unity state. the report says credible sources indicate that government forces are being allowed to rape women as a type of payment. one woman told the u.n. team she had been stripped naked, raped by five soldiers in front of her children on the roadside, then raped again by more men in the bushes only to return and find her children missing.
the report says the gravity of the violence may amount to war crimes and all crimes against humanity. the government has denied the accusations. >> if there are individuals, you know, soldiers, that comes out to violate human rights, then they are doing that at their own perrels, because the government doesn't authorize anybody to kill civilians. >> reporter: last august we met this man in the ethiopian capitol during a peace conference, and we asked him if he were willing to cooperate with an international investigation. >> anybody who has committed atrocities will be brought to book. >> reporter: the report details evidence of entire towns and villages being destroyed. around 2 million people have been forced to flee from their
homes. the u.n. says hundreds of children have been recruited as child soldiers. it says journalists, human rights and aid workers suffer threats, detention, and in some cases have been murdered. last august, both sides agreed to establish a transitional government of national unity, both sides agreed to stop fighting. that still hasn't happened, and the suffering of millions of people continues. charles stratford, al jazeera. >> daniel lak joining us now from the united nations. we're awaiting more detail from those representatives, we'll go to them as soon as we can. but charles lays out the facts as seen by the united nations, the fact that rape was offered as an alternative to wages. you could rape a woman rather than get paid. he talks about the burning of children, those are the facts as laid out by though united nations. but what about the culture?
does it anywhere in that report say why or how this was allowed to happen? >> reporter: it's a very difficult question. what the report does do is place the context for this very firmly in the history of south sudan, the world's newest country as charles said. five years ago it came into being. before that it was part of a unified country of sow dan, and before that it was a colon of britain. and the problem is, they used divide and rule tactics against the people of the north and south. those sorts of divisions existed and were encouraged by the authorities, whomever they might
have been, but the excess ration of this conflict in the short time that south sudan has been independent, it sort of beggars belief, because there was much joy when this country came into being, and now it looks to be mired in the worst sort of violence aimed at the weakest and most vulnerable people. it's a big task. the u.n. has a big mission there, it's going to have to get that mission up and running, and there is probably going to be a lot of pressure arising out of this report for the u.n. security council to do a lot more than it has done so far. >> okay. thank you daniel. iraq's prime minister is calling for experts and not politicians to be nominated for his new cabinet. earlier this influential cleric issued an ultimatum giving the prime minister 45 days to form a new government and start tackling corruption. bernard smith has that story.
>> reporter: demonstrations by supporters of the cleric are a regular site on the streets of baghdad. followers are demanding reforms to tackle epidemic corruption. he wants the prime minister to press on with plans to challenge a system of government patronage and then couraging corruption. >> translator: we really hope these promises of reforms will be true. i urge the iraqi prime minister to press on with plans to form an independent cabinet of technocrats, to fight [ inaudible ] despite political pressure. i want the prime minister to continue his reform plan with no fear of political pressure. >> reporter: corruption is eating into dwindling government finances in iraq that are suffering from the fall in the
price of oil and the fight against isil. he gave the prime minister 45 days to appoint the technocrats or face a no confidence vote in parliament. the syrian opposition has finally agreed to go to peace talks in geneva on monday, but sit down playing the chances of reaching any agreement to end the five-year war. the u.n. envoy for syria, says talks will lay the foundation for elections next year, and he is optimistic there will be a vote on a new president in the next 18 months. members of the u.n. security council meanwhile have been accused of actively adding fuel to the fires of conflict in syria. aid groups say russia, france, u.k., and u.s. are undermining their own commitments to syria by supporting opposite sides in the war. the report says the last year
has been the worst so far. almost a million have been forced to flee. air strikes have increased the damage and the suffering. well the fighting on the ground continues and the ability to treat those injured becoming increasingly difficult even in neighboring turkey, medical centers are feeling a terrible strain. doctors say they are at breaking point as they struggle to help those who come across the border. lawrence lee reports. >> reporter: the syrian government and its russian allies sometimes claim fighters hide in hospitals, but surely not this one, it's a children unit, and the bombardment has rendered beds and cots unusable. such are conditions in this city close to the northern border with turkey. and this firefighter says they have no water to douse the flames. there's no choice but to watch
it burn. increasing destructions in places like maternity units, puts the ability to treat people is a threat. >> translator: because there are so many refugees now, there is norm ous pressure. it means it is no longer possible for us to treat lessen injuries. >> reporter: turkey has no choice but to move people to a nearby town. this hospital was evacuated this week, when it was shelled by isil fighters, but it is certainly better than the alternative. on the morning we were filming, it had alreadied three patients who would need amputations. all of the attacks have put a huge amount of strain on this little unit.
they have had to bring in translators, double the number of plastic surgeons, and bring in trauma experts as well. staff here have told us there are now more syrian patients inside here than medical personnel. once they have been treated, syrians face a choice as to whether to go home. this man returned to the border with his bags of medicines and was hobbling his way back to his village. they brought me by ambulance because i was very sick. no hospitals have been attacked since the cessation of hostilities but for those still being injured in the fighting, the best they can hope is that someone can get them to another country for treatment. you are watching the al jazeera news hour. this is an extraordinary story. a prominent danish children's
campaigner convicted of people trafficking, for giving a syrian family a lift. and an unlikely backer gives his support to donald trump's presidential campaign. also we have the sport in pakistan, they are their way to india for the world championships. we'll have sport in about 25 or 30 minutes for that. ♪ five years it is now since an earth kwashg and tsunami wiped out more than 18,000 people in japan to mark the particular moment when the waves came ashore, there was a minute of silence on friday. harry fawcett reports now from one of the worst-hit areas. >> reporter: this is the closest thing to high ground, a mound built 96 years ago. five years on from the tsunami
it has become a place of remembrance. it was the aerial footage from over this area that first showed the scale of the disaster unfolding in japan. 950 died here, nearly 18,500 across the country. the waves simply came through this neighborhood, scrubbing it out entirely, and at its height it was about two meters above the mound. it was there at 2:46 precisely that they gathered to mark the moment the earthquake struck. 150 kilometers north another community marked the same moment, the same way, sounding the tsunami sirens.
>> translator: the reality is that we still feel the scars here, and there are still many who are struggling to restart their lives. >> reporter: at the national memorial in tokyo, a similar sentiment came from japan's emperor, on behalf of those forced from their homes by the meltdown in fukushima. >> translator: efforts are being made to improve the situation. but my heart aches at the thought of the people who still cannot return home. >> reporter: large parts of the exclusion zones in fukushima have changed little. at the plant itself workers battle to store and treat up to 400 tons of newly contaminated water each day. this man suppliers workers as a subcontractor. he says the efforts are hampered by a shortage of people willing to do the job, even if conditions are better than they
were in the weeks after the meltdown. >> i think what i felt most was anxiety. when i got there, i thought my experience would be useful. but all of the rules i used to abide by, became completely irrelevant. it was like a war zone. there is a slow-moving sense of renewal, sections being razed for new construction to minimize damage of future waves, but scars still remain. a day of commemoration can bring some comfort, but it also served as a reminder of how much has been lost. harry fawcett, al jazeera, japan. 90 people who were deemed to have sought refugee in greece illegally have been returned to turkey. most have been sent to a detention center. the european union and turkey are working on a deal to send thousands of what they call as irregular migrants back to turkey in exchange for the e.
e.u. -- resettling an equal number of syrians from turkey. there are currently 14,000 refugees being held in a camp on the boarder with macedonia. their journey blocked. there have been scuffles over food handouts. many of the residents are ill, and medicines, blankets, and firewood are in short supply. >> we are in europe from 20 days ago in europe. but i cannot find even a safe place. now i'm fighting the nature. in syria we're fighting isis. now we're fighting the nature, and i think it's worse than isis, isis has a limit, but nature has no element. >> we wait. we don't have anything. we stay here. no future. no anything here. i don't have anything. no house. no money. no anything. >> reporter: still thousands of
refugees choosing to head to the greek eye lacked of lesvos, many refugees are in kamps which have been set up by the greek government. this man runs one of them. this is his story in his own words. >> my name is [ inaudible ], i'm the director of [ inaudible ]. all of these people for us, it's not refugees and immigrants, it's our guests, our visitors, our travellers. we come here because we don't like to see our visitors stay at the port or in the sun or the rain or on the road to sleep on the road. reopened this place in april. so we are in good position now, but we have a big but, we don't, can't to accept big numbers.
don't forget, the people over there, they are like everybody -- it is lacking the water. nobody can stop these people. nobody can stop the humans to move. my visitors have four words in the mouth. hungry, i'm hungry, i'm cold, i want to sleep somewhere warm safely, and i want to continue my trip. on this we're operating. on this we run our system, and now all of these countries say we close the borders, and we stuck the people at the -- at the greece. no, that is [ inaudible ] some say for the terrorists come with our visitors. the terrorists are over there. from syria. [ inaudible ] terrorists. yes, i have. terrorists. i have them. many terris. like that. she is a terrorist. we don't need somebody from europe or from the other
countries what we do. what it is necessary to do here. no, no, no. we need help. different help. we need sleeping bags, blankets. food, yes, money to build, and -- and build new projects. [ inaudible ] i like the song from john lennon "imagine." i'm not a dreamer. i'm not a romantic. no, nobody can stop this war. but it's necessary to stop the crime. this crime. for all over there. it's crime. somebody it's necessary to stop the war. i don't know the name from the guy who can stop this war, but i wish for this guy. imagine you are driving down the road, you see a group of syrians, a family, small children, what would you do? if you had an empty car in maybe you would pick them up, give
them a lift. see if you could help them? we're going to talk to a children's rights campaigner who did just that. and you ended up in court in denmark where you did this. and you are now a convicted people smuggler. tell us more. >> yes, i got a sentence today, my husband and i we were sentenced with a fine of 45,000 danish corona, and -- human smugglers. >> so let me just get this right. we have a bit of a problem with the line. you are a former national children's ombudsman, you were in charge of the welfare of children, you have children yourself. you saw these people in trouble. when you picked them up, could you imagine anything like this
happening? >> no, not at all. [ inaudible ] hundreds of danish people did that, picking up people who was walking along the motor railways, and were hungry, and thirsty, and they didn't have anything else but what they wore. >> you say this is criminalizing decency. when you put that to those people who were taking you to court as a people smuggler, what did they say? >> sorry, one more time. >> what was the response of the people who took you to court when you accused them of criminalizing decency? >> well, they said -- >> look, unfortunately, i'm terribly sorry.
it's not a good line. >> okay. >> it is an extraordinary story, and -- well, good luck with whatever work you decide to do in the future. thank you. we're going to the united nations. this is the press conference on the u.n. report on appalling atrocities in the south sudanese ease civil war. >> there is a report when talking to security council has spoken about potential war crimes, and crimes against humanity. the inquiry conducted in 2015 had same qualifications. we had now a week when you had two reputable ngo's amnesty international, and human rights
watch, issuing reports on south sudan, and we are now launching our report. so reports are. facts are well established and now what we are missing is action. there was a hope. there was hope in august after peace agreement has been signed, and i have been couple of times in south sudan, and every time, talking to civilians their primary concern was peace, and i will quote what one woman told us. we were born during war. our children were born during war. we don't want to hear a bullet again. we don't need war. unfortunately, hopes did not materialize so far.
this report we are introducing is indicating that fighting continues -- and not only fighting, a practice of deliberate targeting of civilian has continued including killings, rape, looting, burning, destroying livestock. report uses terminology of scorched earth applied in unity state to prevent not only to make people to flee away, but to prevent their return in resources-rich area. already there was quite a lot of attention to the issue of rape. i would emphasize two problems stemming from this and other reports that have been produced,
and it's first of them that -- that rape is accepted, and when interviewed an old lady, survival of very brutal beating, she told that there were soldiers in the village and she was very severely beaten, and then a young man came and talked to the guy who was beating her. stop beating this old lady. let's go and rape some young ones. so even -- even a person who wants to protect old lady from being killed by beatings, thinks it's okay to rape. secondly rape is quite often also related to humiliation. we have reports that rapes are happening in the presence of family members who are sometimes
even forced to watch. we have recorded a case where victims of rape after being raped were robbed of their clothes and forced to march a long way through villages before being able to get dressed. the other horrifying elements of the report refer to food shortages. quite often caused by obstacles to humanitarian access, and attacks to humanitarians. the result is that even after signing of the peace accord in august, we had an up surge of displacement. for example, our camp, our u.n. protection site has doubled in sense of people we are
protecting from just over 50,000 to 122,000 by the end of 2015. what we are also witnessing now that situation in unity is calming down is spillover into the territories and affecting ethnic groups that were previously not involved in the conflict. we are facing and now especially in western -- equatoria. david marshall was the coordinator of this enterprise. it does list violation. it describes horrors of brutal
rapes, of people burning alive, but it does more. it puts them into perspective of cycle of violence historically taking place in the country, and catching up and amnesties occurrence of same names for decades. it makes a strong case for a need for accountability to break the cycle of violence and retaliation. it does certainly mean support for the hybrid court to address accountability, but also the need to establish accountability in numerous cases on a local level in a situation and in conditions where you do not have functioning justice system in the country, but accountability
is just one part of transitional justice that is desperately needed in the country. we need much more to reach reconciliation. there is a need to contribute to the change of culture, of disrespect of human life and human dignity, and let me conclude before passing floor to david that in my view, as long as assets of the state are considered spoils to be divided by power holders, and not used for social development, fighting over them shall continue. thank you. >> thank you. david. >> thank you very much. the mandate was to undertake a comprehensive assessment of violence since the beginning of the conflict in 2013. we decided to focus on 2015
events rather than regurgitate and look at events described previously. we focused only on 2015. the constraints were considerable. we had no meaningful cooperation from the government. as you know traveling around south sudan is incredibly difficult. in 2015 to date there is considerable armed conflict. so constraints were formidable. however, we're confident with the conclusions. and the conclusions, remarkably is that crimes against humanity and war crimes have occurred. again, crimes against humanity and war crimes were alleged by the u.n. in 2014 and by the au. we say there is sufficient evidence to suggest they happened again in 2015 at an
extreme nature, but the perpetrator is the government. in 2015 the government decided in unity state which is the home state of reak and his supporters to undertake the scorched earth policy to displace, kill, abduct, rape, destroy civilian objects, civilian property, and pillage thousands and thousands of cattle. cattle are currency in south sudan. this campaign began in spring 2015, and went through all of december until the end of december 2015. and it was a reign of terror, of extreme killings and extreme sexual violence. i'll give you an example of an old man who was shoved into his hut with his goats and burned alive. women and girls who were raped
gang raped in front of their mothers. nobody was immune in terms of the sexual violence, including old women, and the disabled. the second, i think -- one of the cases is the container case has the been widely reported on. that took place around the 22nd of october in lear town in unity state. the army, the government army, the spla, over the course of a number of hours corralled male civilians into a container in the town, and they suffocated to death. the container was opened in the morning, the bodies were strewn everywhere, including at back of the church, and we put the number at about 60 male civilians that died as a result. so 2015 was the narrative of the
campaign by the government. and what is striking is our perception from the evidence we have gathered is in the government eyes you are either a loyalest or you are not. and if you are not you are in perrel. and addition to the conflict-related violence that has moved to the west with the exact same patterns, i should add the destruction we have confirmed through unicef satellite imagery. but in addition to the conflict of violence, there is a fear in south sudan. they are intimidating, media, academics, humanitarians, journalists have been detained. a u.n. journalist has been in
custody for over a year and a half. humanitarians working for the u.n. have vanished, we presume to have been taken by militias working for the government. there are threats in juba, so the situation in south sudan is deep and profound and grim. on accountability, the government has -- if you get the report -- this is the longer report, annex two contains two-plus gauges of rhetoric from both the government and the opposition. both promising to stop violence, investigate and punish perpetrators. that is empty rhetoric. the promises to the assist important secretary general by the president in february 2015 came to nothing. we asked for the national unity report. the justice system is broken
despite over a decade of building. as one witness told us, the government feels secure. nothing will be done to them. so the recommendations are that this machinery of violence -- >> david marshall there, the representative of the office of the high commissioner of human rights. i think he's about to outline their recommendations. >> -- this campaign of terror. the african union is supporting the [ inaudible ] of a hybrid court, that the u.n. obviously supports, and the recommendation is for that court to be created swiftly. and the transitional government must cooperate with that hybrid court. we also recommend what we would call vetting of -- of persons, sort of personnel reform, that persons who work in prisons and
police and the justice system don't have a human rights background and are qualified for the post. if there is no movement on accountability, we would recommend the security council refer the case to the international community for investigation and prosecution. and on a quote that we heard from one source in south sudan that he was saying that there was a considerable amount of focus on the political solution, he said the time has come to focus on ending the impunity, finding a solution to ending impunity. and we would totally support that. thank you. >> okay. recommendations there from the u.n. or particularly from the office of the high commissioner of human rights with regard to the atrocities in this south sudan. in some cases people should be referred to in addition criminal court. let's go to daniel lak at the
united nations. the two speakers both from the human rights branch of the united nations. extremely damming of what they feel the situation is in south sudan. a reign of terror being carried out. did you learn anything from that that you didn't know already having read a briefing on the report, daniel? >> reporter: what we're hearing here is actually some amazing clarity from the u.n. on this situation. and they are aiming very specifically at the government of south sudan. you heard david marshall say in the past there have been findings of war crimes that might have occurred in south sudan, and both sides were named. in this case, the focus of his remarks in particular, and also the report, has been on the government of south sudan, and its role in some of the horrific human rights violations. they focus on the home province
of the rebel leader, the former vice president who broke up with the president and got this violence started back in 2013, and they said the government has pursued a policy of scorched earth, killings, rapes, abductions, pillaging and destruction of things like cattle, crucial in south sudan. so this focus on the government and this call for a hybrid court, and the threat to possibly take cases to the international criminal court, this is a very clear message to the government of south sudan. >> daniel thank you very much indeed. daniel lak, our correspondent at the united nations. now the charity doctors without border, msf, is formally
fighting the attempt to ban a drug that fights pneumonia. they say an indian company has offered to supply the drug for $6. the charity wants to stop pfizer from getting a patent on the drug to allow other companies to make cheaper versions of the drug. let's talk to the regional head of south asia for doctors without boarders. clearly it is going to be better for people to get this drugs at an affordable price, but what do you say to a company that spent years developing this, that somebody can come along and make the same medicine without ever having done work on it. >> the companies that are
developing the vaccine -- they are doing the vaccine from phase 1 unward. they are simply trying to add [ inaudible ] to an older vaccine. it is quite obvious, and it should not be patented. so pfizer [ inaudible ] pcv 7, it developed pcv 9, and then decided to add more to it. so that is not an invention. most importantly, the european patent office has a revoked the patent. >> this is a drug that is also called previnar. as a doctor yourself what would the availability of it to people in poorer countries, such as your own country, india?
>> well, if you look at other vaccines, they cost a few cents, and when you are asking countries and governments to pay, you know, 5, $10, it's a huge jump in the -- in the health budgets, so what we really need is competition in the market, so we can get the prices down, so that more governments can use the vaccine. unless you provide the vaccine to health ministries, they are not going to be able to vaccinate the children. they are going to subsidize [ inaudible ] but that's not forever. and not every country got the subsidized price. so i think the most important thing is to stimulate competition so health ministries can get the vaccine earlier. >> in your press release, you say that pfizer made $6 billion from this drug last year. it is an extremely well-funded organization, so what chance do you have of taking on a global
pharmaceutical company such as pfizer when you have limited access to funds and they have that amount of money? >> absolutely, i think we are standing up for our patients, and we know that india is under immense pressure to grant patents to u.s. companies, and the u.s. government has been targeted in india, for not granting enough patents to its companies. and that's why we stepped in to say we will stand up for our patients. we will got to the patent office after present a technical case. i think it's also important for patent offices to know that they are making decisions which will make a difference between life and death, you know, and this is really important in developing countries. [ inaudible ] patent offices are turned into commercial offices, and it's time that patent offices realize they can change
an entire population. >> thank you very much indeed. the arab league has declared lebanon's hezbollah to be a terror group over its backing of syria's government. the vote was not unanimous, lebanon and iraq abstaining. but it does align the movement between saudi arabia and the gulf cooperation council. now farmers in lebanon say they are worried that a growing dispute with the gulf is hurting their livelihood. saudi arabia has lead a number of actions against lebanon, cutting billions in aid and urging saudi arabiian's not to go to the country. >> reporter: arvesting green onion isn't easy. workers first need to loosen the earth around the sell indicate
crop so when it is picked, it won't be damaged. the soil is rocky, and the work is time consuming. this man owns this farm, he says growing crops like green own i don't know, is worth the extra care, because they are usually profitable. but not anymore. >> translator: our industry has been badly affected by the war in neighboring syria, we can no longer truck our produce through syria, and on to jordan and the gulf. more than 30% of our income is gone because of this. >> reporter: the only way now for lebanese farmers to send their products to the gulf is by sea, but the costs are typically high and cut deep into profits. losing a third of all revenue has hit farmers here hard, but a growing concern is the escalating diplomatic dispute between political leaders here
in lebanon, and gulf countries. more than three-quarterers of all agricultural exports from lebanon are sent to gulf states, which is why a recent series of decisions has farmers here worried. last month the saudi government cancels billions of dollars it gaves to the lebanese state security, and declared hezbollah a terrorist organization. farmers say they now fear their industry could targeted next. >> translator: if lebanese exports are banned it could be a disaster. no one can estimate how destructive the effect would be on farmers, the economy, and in lebanon generally. the obama administration is reportedly press insuring saudi arabia and its allies not to
punish lebanon economically. news out of yemen where fighting is getting worse in ta'izz. pro-government forces are trying to take back the city. it has been under siege from houthi rebels for more than ten months. >> reporter: forces loyal to the yemeni president say they are making significant advances in ta'izz. fierce fighting on the west of the city, they say has pushed back houthi rebels and forces loyal to former president saleh from strategically important areas. >> translator: we seized control of the mosque, and we are close to taking the neighborhood. we will be able to break the siege. victory is looming large. >> translator: we, got willing will advance to enter this
neighborhood soon, and then link up with the other units to defeat the enemy. >> reporter: ta'izz was the birthplace of the uprising which ousted sana'a in 2011. both sides have been fighting hard to control it. it's been under siege by houthi rebels for more than 10 months. civilians don't have enough food, water, or medical supplies. >> translator: ta'izz has suffered all forms of siege. starvation, torture, humiliation. today it is payback time, we will cause them to suffer the same bitter ness ta'izz residents have suffered. >> reporter: victoria gatenby, al jazeera. you are watching the news hour here on al jazeera, stay with us. we have got some sport coming
investigation into corruption over the state oil company. donald trump has been given more backing. ben carson who dropped out a week ago appeared with trump in florida and he had this to say. >> there are two different donald trumps. there is the one you see on the stage, and there's the one who is very cerebral, sits there and considers things very carefully. and that's the donald trump that you are going to start seeing more and more of. the others were there for a tv debate, and that endorsement will have hurt mr. trump's rivals. >> reporter: this was the tamest debate so far. donald trump was asked to
address his comments claiming islam hates the u.s. and was asked if he went all 1.6 billion muslims. >> there is tremendous hate. where large portions of a group of people, islam, large portions want to use very, very harsh means. >> i don't believe there is any long-term peace solution. this was noted a badtempered as previous debates. >> so far i cannot believe how civil it has been up here. >> reporter: ted cruz demanded policy details. and criticized donald trump's idea of trade tariffs. >> how does it help you to have a president say i'm going to put a 45% tax on diapers, on automobiles, on clothing, that hurts you. it's why we have got to getting beyond rhetoric of china bad and
actually get to how do you solve the problem? >> reporter: this debate was in miami with its big cuban american population, and marco rubio who's family came from cuba made that count with this answer on improving relations with the u.s. >> the fact of the matter is, after these changes were made, after these changes were made there are now hundreds of millions of dollars that will flow to the castro regime. >> reporter: voters have been able to look at the personalities of the candidates. now they may have a better idea of the policies. i'm not sure there is boxing, but that would be a heck of a fight, wouldn't it. let's get the rest of sport now with andy. >> russia will find out in may if they can spent a team to the rio olympics. athletics governing body has
just been meeting to discuss how best to reform their sport. five countries have been placed in what they are calling critical care due to concerns about their drug-testing programs. russia is still banned. say they suspect coaches who should have been banned are still working with athletes. they say there is still significant work to be done, and a meeting in may will decide if the conditions have been met. raphael is returning as manager of manchester united. he has signed a three year contract. he was sacked in january after just seven months in charge at real. the club is just one point above the relegation zone. pakistan's government has given the all-clear for their
team to play at the world 2020 in india. they say they have been given assurances from the indian government that the team will be safe. pakistan's first game is next wednesday. now the arctic winter games are coming to a close in greenland, and while the competition has focused on new, not everyone agreements it is the best way to increase players at the competitions. >> reporter: becoming a top snowboarder demands a large set of skills, and in greenland, shovelling snow is one of them. but there are no shortcuts to the olympics, greenland sent only one athlete to the last winter games, and if these 18 year olds do make it to the top,
they will have to do the same as the few who came before them, and wear the flag of denmark, greenland's rules 3.5 thousand miles away. >> it is sad, but we have to fight for denmark. denmark is a nice country too. >> reporter: greenland would appear perfectly suited to winter sports, but the wind here is too strong to build real speed. >> translator: i want to travel. and immediate -- meet people who are better than me. here the level is not that high. it is difficult, because there is not much you can learn here. >> reporter: with fravl to europe so expensive, these arctic winter games are a rare
chance for young athletes to complete in their own country. this ex-cross country skier wasn't amused at having to wear the danish flag when he competed. but he says the real crisis isn't one of identity, but with cash, with money spent on youth events, but not on athletes in their prime. >> the young get very good experience, but maybe it's -- they don't have so much else when they are finished after winter game and 16, 18 year, they don't have anything to do, so it's difficult for them to stay in the sport. >> reporter: life after sport still a distant prospect, and it is always good to know a friend has got your back. paul rees, al jazeera, nuuk, green lan >> is that your sport. >> thank you very much.
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damming underreport describes children being burned alive and fighters allowed to rape in south sudan. ♪ ♪ hello. you are watching al jazeera live from london. also coming up, a powerful shiite cleric and his followers keep up the pressure on iraq's prime minister to tackle corruption. aid agencies accuse u.n. security council members of adding fuel to the fire in syria by supporting rival sides. also --